Assalaamu alaikum [peace be to you],
I was asked to write something about Islamic stance on lying, so here it is:
What is Lying?
A lie is any deliberate deviation from the truth; it is a falsehood communicated with the intention to mislead or deceive. A lie, therefore, can be anything spoken or written that is totally or partially baseless, unreal, made-up, distorted or exaggerated.
Prophet Mohammed -peace be upon him- once said:
“Indeed, truth leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise, and the man who continues to speak the truth and endeavors to tell the truth is eventually recorded as truthful with Allah, and beware of telling of a lie for telling of a lie leads to obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire, and the person who keeps telling lies and endeavors to tell a lie is recorded as a liar with Allah.”
Lying: A Disease of the Heart
Lies differ in type, incidence, magnitude and consequence, with many gradations of severity, from harmless exaggeration and embellishment of stories, to intentional and habitual deceit.
Lying and falsehood are widespread problems and are roots of other problems that occur on an individual and public level. Lies are spoken and written in the media and in politics, in business and in personal dealings, by Muslims and non-Muslims alike.
Lying is against human nature and physiology, and like any other disease, it has its own unique signs and symptoms. The act of lying produces inner conflicts between various control centres of the brain. The moment one begins to lie, his body sends out contradictory signals to cause facial muscle twitching, expansion and contraction of pupils, perspiration, flushing of cheeks, increased blinking of the eye, tremors of the hand, and an increased heart rate. These constitute the basis of lie detector instruments. In addition, certain unconsciously made movements are noticeable in those who lie, like the constant covering of the mouth, touching of the nose, rubbing of the eye, scratching the side of the neck, rubbing the ear, etc. One of the clearest signs is that the liar keeps his palms closed and his eyes in another direction to the person he is lying to, in an attempt to avoid eye to eye contact.
Types of lies:
Behavioral scientist Wendy Gamble identified four basic types of lies for a University of Arizona study in 2000:
1. Prosocial: Lying to protect someone, to benefit or help others.
2. Self-enhancement: Lying to save face, to avoid embarrassment, disapproval or punishment.
3. Selfish: Lying to protect the self at the expense of another, and/or to conceal a misdeed.
4. Antisocial: Lying to hurt someone else intentionally.
Some forms of Lying
These forms of lying are all detested in Islam:
1. Lies told about the God and His Prophets and Messengers -peace and blessings of Allah be upon them-. which is to falsely attribute things to them. This is the most serious kind of lie.
2. Lying in buying and selling, doing business, advertisements…
3. Lying in jest: Some people think that it is permissible to tell lies if it is in jest. This is the excuse that they use for telling lies on April 1st or on other days. in Islam, This is wrong.
6. Lying when playing with children: for example, if you tell your child “if you do this, I will give you (something).” but then after the child does what you ask, you don’t keep your promise.
7. Lying to entertain people and make them laugh.
8. Slander and Accusing chaste women of adultery: this kind of lie is very dangerous.
Is Lying Ever Justified? let’s see in the next part of this article, in sha’Allah [God willing]…
[ http://whysunni.tumblr.com/post/51129288715/i-2bdo-2bnot-2blie-2b2 ]
- Lying: an Islamic perspective [http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&id=88496]
- Islamic Ruling On Lies And Liars [http://www.islamtomorrow.com/lies.asp]
- Lying, Encyclopedia of Children’s Health: [http://www.healthofchildren.com/L/Lying.html]
I hope this was beneficial
IN THE DRAWING: the Arabic calligraphy is “peace be upon him”.
If I am right, it’s from the God. if I am wrong, it’s from myself.
The Prophet Muhammad (saw) had never lied, for any reason.
Very true picture indeed. /: